There are more than 50 different kinds of nutrients in food and they can generally be classified into the following seven major groups. Which include the following.

·         Water

·         Minerals

·         Fats

·         Carbohydrates

·         Proteins

·         Fibre

·         Vitamins

1.     WATER

Water is   essential nutrient because it is required in amounts that exceed the body’s ability to produce it. All biochemical reactions occur in water. It fills the spaces in and between cells and helps form structures of large molecules such as protein and glycogen.


Minerals are those elements on the earth and in foods that our bodies need to develop and function normally. Those essential for health include calcium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, chloride, magnesium, iron, zinc, iodine, chromium, copper, fluoride, molybdenum, manganese, and sulfur.

There are seven major types of minerals which include:

·         Calcium

·         Chloride

·         Sodium

·         Magnesium

·         Potassium

·         Phosphorous

·         Sulfur


Calcium is a mineral most often associated with healthy bones and teeth, although it also plays an important role in blood clotting, helping muscles to contract, and regulating normal heart rhythms and nerve functions.


 Chloride in the regulation of body fluids, electrolyte balance, the preservation of electrical neutrality, acid-base st,atus and it is an essential component for the assessment of many pathological conditions.


Sodium is a mineral that carries an electrical charge, known as an electrolyte. Electrolytes facilitate muscle contraction and nerve cell transmission. Ions of sodium, potassium and chloride trigger muscle contractions and nerve impulses when they shift places across cell membranes. A nerve cell at rest has positively charged potassium ions inside the cell and is surrounded outside the cell by positively charged sodium ions and negatively charged chloride ions. When stimulated, potassium ions rush out of the cell as sodium ions rush in, creating an electrical signal or nerve impulse. A similar scenario occurs during the contraction of muscles. Sodium also works in concert with potassium to maintain normal water balance in the body. Each of the minerals chemically attracts water to itself, thus assuring that optimal levels of hydration are maintained both inside human cells and outside the cells, in the extracellular spaces that surround them. In healthy people, the body has a built-in mechanism to guard against the effects of occasional excess levels of sodium, but continued intake of high amounts of sodium can eventually override this safety valve and lead to hypertension


Magnesium is a cofactor in many enzyme systems that regulate diverse biochemical reactions in the body, including protein synthesis, muscle and nerve function, blood glucose control, and blood pressure regulation . Magnesium is required for energy production, oxidative phosphorylation, and glycolysis.


It helps your nerves to function and muscles to contract. It helps your heartbeat stay regular. It also helps move nutrients into cells and waste products out of cells. A diet rich in potassium helps to offset some of sodium’s harmful effects on blood pressure



Phosphorous helps the body in many different ways, which include the following:

ü  keeping the bones and teeth strong

ü  helping the muscles contract

ü  aiding muscle recovery after exercise

ü  filtering and removing waste from the kidneys

ü  promoting healthy nerve conduction throughout the body

ü  making DNA and RNA

ü  managing the body’s energy usage and storage


Sulfur is used to build and fix your DNA and protect your cells from damage that can lead to serious diseases such as cancers. Sulfur also assists your body to metabolize food and contributes to the health of your skin, tendons, and ligaments. The two amino acids that include sulfur are methionine and cysteine.





It’s natural for anyone trying to lose weight to want to lose it very quickly. But people who lose weight gradually and steadily (about 1 to 3 pounds per week) are more successful at keeping weight off. Healthy weight loss isn’t just about a “diet” or “program”. It’s about an ongoing lifestyle that includes healthy eating patterns and regular physical activity.

How do I lose weight fast?

 There are many ways to lose weight but the best way is to find what works for you. Humans have a huge number of adipose stem cells in our bodies. And with age, these stem cells tend to get burned up and slough off, which makes us gain weight over time. ( It’s not uncommon for people who use the Lose Weight Fast Diet Plan to see an increase in their lean muscle mass after just one week on this diet. (b) This extra muscle tissue will help you burn more calories and therefore help you burn fat more easily than normal. See Also: How To Lose Weight Quickly That Works For Everybody?

The best nutrition for weight loss

1. Dash diet


The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension  Diet was simply designed to help people control their blood pressure and avoid the use of drugs. DASH mostly contains vegetables, fruits, and whole grains. While following this diet You will certainly improve your health with this diet, and if you restrict calories while following DASH’s heart-healthy rules, 

2. Chili pepper

Eating chili peppers may be useful on a weight loss diet.

They contain capsaicin, a substance that makes hot peppers like chilis spicy.

Some studies show that capsaicin can improve how fast your body metabolizes fat and can increase your sensation of fullness. Together, these may support your healthy weight loss journey 

The substance is even sold in supplement form and is a common ingredient in many commercial weight loss supplements. That’s because studies show that capsaicin supplements may increase metabolism.


A review study found that this effect only yielded an average of 33 calories more burned per day than those who did not supplement with capsaicin, though. More research is needed to learn about this effect, especially in regards to capsaicin from food sources Plus, there was no effect in people who were accustomed to eating spicy food, indicating that a certain level of tolerance can build up.